Terrorizing World – "Enough is enough"

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Terror in India: who is to blame?

Posted by :) on September 9, 2011

Sep 9, 2011 15:37 Moscow Time


Photo: EPA
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Interview with Ved Marwah, the Chairman of Task Force, National Security and Criminal Justice System at the Ministry of Home Affairs with the Government of India.

This time it was the judiciary who seemed to have been targeted…

Yes, there have been two or three cases. They attacked the courts twice in Uttar Pradesh, not with an explosion of this intensity – but the courts have been targeted. But I think we should not take these targeting things too seriously, that they’d only confine themselves to attacking the judiciary or the courts. They do this periodically to attract attention – today this is judiciary, tomorrow they will hit some other target and then say that institution is the target. So, this goes on and the basic motive of these explosions is to create panic and to destabilize the country.

Do I get it right that one of the theories of the investigation is that Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami is behind those attacks?

They sent an email claiming responsibility for it and the latest reports say that in Jammu and Kashmir they have traced this email to a cybercafé.

Do you think we can tell a little bit more to our listeners about what kind of organization is that?

HuJI, as it is called, is a terrorist organization, it has links with al-Qaeda and there is another branch of HuJI which is called HuJI Bangladesh which is specifically targeting India. They have been involved into a number of terrorist acts in the past and they all were suspected and in this particular case also they are certainly under suspicion. And there are also reports about their links with some of the Indian groups, which have been created and supported and sponsored by the foreign jihadi groups.

When we are talking about foreign jihadi groups, this organization – Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami – is it based in Pakistan or in Kashmir?

It has its headquarter in Pakistan but it is also headquartered in South-East Asia ‑ in Philippines, in Indonesia; it is spread over all South-East Asia and, as I said, in Bangladesh there is a special section of it, operating from there.

What are its aims?

It seems there were al-Qaeda’s aims such as establishing the rule of the caliphate and destabilizing the countries which they think are their enemies.

From a string of media reports you can get an impression that the number of terrorist attacks in India has been growing. Is this impression correct?

We have them periodically, but I would say that it’s a growing countdown. There were a number of objectives – they want to destabilize the country, to create division between various communities, to demoralize the instruments of the state – all these things they are doing periodically and they have these serial explosions, but the 26/11 attack in Mumbai was the most odious one so far and the attack on the Indian Parliament in 2001.

Do you think that recent attacks are somehow connected with the start of peace negotiations between India and Pakistan?

Not so much between India and Pakistan as between India and Bangladesh. Prime Minister was in Bangladesh and, as I said, there is a HuJI section operating from Bangladesh. One cannot rule out the possibility at this stage to say which particular group they are linked to – all this is in the realm of speculation, but that line also needs to be proved.

India is generally perceived as some sort of model society with centuries-old tradition of co-existence of different ethnic and religious communities, but how well-grounded are fears that India could break along sectarian or ethnic lines?

When India got independence in 1947 things were worse than they are today; India is more united today than in was in 1947, all because of the Indian democratic system which gives space to every community, every ethnic group to live their life to the best of their own identity and ability.

Do you in India feel some impact of the worsening security situation in Pakistan?

Yes, definitely, because the Indian geographical location is such that the real epicenter of the jihadi terrorism is at Afghan-Pakistani border and in various other countries around India. Naturally, they are a great source of danger to the security of our country.

How about the assessment of security situation in the South Asia? One might get an impression that it is deteriorating.

I would say that only for the Pakistani and Afghan side because things are improving in Sri Lanka, they are improving in Bangladesh, they are improving in Thailand, in Malaysia, in Philippines, in Indonesia, but I think they are deteriorating in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

And is that the reason why the US has been pressing so hard recently for the resumption of peace negotiations between India and Pakistan?

The US has its own compulsion and obviously the US government is looking after its own interests and they are pressing India, whether they really mean it or they want to please their Pakistani friends that they are doing their best to press India because. It is not that these talks have not taken place earlier, the only thing is that they have not led anywhere because the gap between the two countries is so huge and the attitude of the Pakistani ruling establishment is such that they want secession of a part of the territory from India to Pakistan, which is obviously not negotiable and a non-starter.

But has their attitude changed somehow with the change of the government?

Not at all. The whole Pakistani ruling establishment – the army, all political parties, religious organizations ‑ they are absolutely united in this.

So, just to sum it up, do I get it right that you see those blasts not as an indication of a new trend of the worsening of security situation in India?

Yes, you have got it right. But it is a serious situation which needs to be addressed.

Is there any way the government should act?

The government should put its own house in order, it must put the security establishment in proper shape, it should be able to get their politicians act together in such a way that politics were affecting this fight against terrorism.


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