Terrorizing World – "Enough is enough"

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Expert Opinion -“Terrorist Bull’s Eye on India ” by Dr. Deborah Schurman-Kauflin

Posted by :) on December 5, 2008


Dr. Deborah Schurman-KauflinNovember 26, 2008, it has been reported that terrorists have struck at 7 sites in India. Gunmen have attacked targets which include hotels in Mumbai. At least 20 people are dead. This brings a very important threat to light. In my book Disturbed: Terrorist Behavioral Profiles,  I discussed this risk in the conclusion section because based on what I have seen, India is at a great risk.

Israel, Russia, Pakistan, Indonesia, Spain, U.K.,  United States, and so many oher countries face the growing threat of terrorism. And then there is India. Interestingly, India has seen a dramatic increase in these crimes.  As the years have passed, India has argued with Pakistan over Kashmir.  As a result, terror attacks within India have risen.  Some say that Pakistan is behind the attacks which have rocked the fast growing country.  There is a jihad against Hindus in Kashmir, and this carries to India.  Radical Muslims are angered by many things about Hindus.  One, they are descendants of a Jewish tribe.  Second, they are considered idolaters because they worship the cow.  And of course, Muslims feel persecuted in India because of their religion.  The anger can carry over and produce violent attacks.

Abu Salem was involved in the 1993 Mumbai bombings which killed 278 victims.  These bombings were attributed to revenge against the killings of hundreds of Muslims by the Hindu Shiv Sena political party (BBC, 2005).  Muslims felt that they were being treated unfairly and even thrown off sports teams due to their allegiance to Islam.  Specifically, Mohammad Azharuddin was fired from his position of captain of the Cricket team.  Additionally, Muslims were angry because Hindus would not allow Muslims to be elected to power positions.  There is still anger between lower cast Indians and the Muslims who have been flocking into India with oil money (Ashraf, 1999).

In 2005, terrorists blew up a Janpur commuter train and killed 13 victims.  Similarly, October 29, 2005, terrorists set off several bombs in New Dehli killing 61 victims.  In March 2006, terrorists blew up Varanasi which is the Hindu holy city.  In the multiple bombings, 28 people were killed and over 100 injured.  Within four months, another series of bombings targeted commuter trains again in Mumbai.  At least 209 people were killed and over 700 victims were harmed.  This particular attack was linked to al-Qaeda which was said to fund the attack.  Mohammad Atta, the leader of the martyrs who carried out the 9/11 terrorist attacks trained with 3 men who were involved in the Mumbai attack (South Asian Intelligence Review, 2006).  And the bombings continued as the terrorists returned to a religious target and set off a bomb at a Hindu temple close to Imphal.  Nearly 50 people were wounded and 5 were killed.

The next attack occurred on September 8, 2006, terrorists targeted a Muslim cemetery in Malegaon during Shab-e-Baraat.  Shab-e-Baraat is a very holy night in Islam when Muslims travel to the cemetery to pray for their ancestors.  The three bombs (rigged to bicycles) killed 37 people.

In August 2007, there were simultaneous bombings at Hyderabad killing 44 and injuring 54.  On October 14th, a bomb went off at the Shingar Cinema and killed 6 people.  Government officials blame Islamic extremists and suggest that the extremists want to exacerbate relations between Muslims and Hindus. Again, Pakistan’s involvement is questioned.

Istock_000005744166xsmallIn May 2008, several, serial bombs went off in Jaipur which is a tourist area.  The 8 bombs killed 80 and injured over 200 victims.  These bombings took place in the state Rajasthan beginning at 7:30 p.m.  and lasted approximately 12 minutes.  Rajashtan is where the Bharatiya Janata Party rules.  It has been argued that this group leans toward the Muslim minority who live in Rajasthan. This is seen as pandering and thus allowing extremism to grow (CNN, 2008).

On July 25, 2008, nine bombs exploded and killed 2 people in Bangalore.  The very next day, 16 bombs went off and killed 18 people in Ahmedabad.  Then in September 2008, another series of bombs went off.  The Indian Mujahedeen stated that they were the ones who let off the 6 bombs which have killed 18 and injured 40 in New Delhi.

In one year, India was only second behind Iraq in the number of terror attacks.  There are several terror groups, and these groups have even cooperated to inflict more damage.  This has caused great problems for India because its Intelligence had long focused on one group at a time.  With many groups being active, India’s problems are bound to increase, particularly with the lack of cooperation between government agencies.  Islamic extremists continually try to stoke the flames of anger between Hindu and Muslim by targeting religious sites.  Terror groups operating include:

• Unnamed: Indian terrorists with no open affiliation
• SIMI: Students’ Islamic Movement of India
• Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami (Bangladeshi militants)
• LeT: Lashkar-e-Taiba
• JeM: Jaish-e-Muhammed (Pakistan based group)

I put this information in the conclusion because India is a country to watch.  It faces many difficulties in dealing with its increasing threat.  Because the country is friendly with the West, it is vulnerable.  Many companies outsource work to India.  These jobs include everything from computer programming and design, to architecture, to radiology.  With such sensitive data and the social problems caused by Kashmir, India will be a growing target in the future.  As a nuclear power with a massively growing economy, there are security issues that will be ignored or overlooked.  This presents a grave danger.  Very few restrictions are put into place when employees are hired in India.  Screenings are minimal at best.  The potential to sabotage is high.   It will have a growing bull’s eye on its infrastructure because of its rich access to Western countries.  If any well organized terror group decides to go after India, many countries face devastating impacts.   India is at high risk.

Photo Credits: Dr. Deborah Schurman-Kauflin: Violent Crimes Institute, LLC; Terrorist: iStock

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